Main menu

Self-leadership: How good are you in leading yourself?

Lars Tummers
Geschreven door Lars Tummers. Geplaatst op 23 februari 2014.
Hot 3605 treffers 0 favorieten toegevoegd

leadingyourself

When most people think of leaders, they think of famous people like Martin Luther King, John F. Kennedy, or (when talking about toxic leaders), Adolf Hitler. But why not think about ourselves in term of a leader? Academics and professionals interested in ‘self-leadership’ chose this path. Self-leadership literature can provide important lessons for professionals. Self-leadership has been shown to result in greater career success, more job satisfaction and less stress.[1] Read this blog to analyze your own self-leadership skills.

The three self-leadership strategies

The founding father of self-leadership, Charles Manz, defines self-leadership as “leading oneself toward performance of naturally motivating tasks as well as managing oneself to do work that must be done but is not naturally motivating” (p. 589)[2]. Building upon Manz, many researchers on self-leadership distinguish between three self-leadership strategies: behavior-focused, natural rewards and constructive thought patterns.[1]

1. Behavior-focused strategies.

These strategies look at how you can complete unpleasant, but necessary, tasks. Sometimes, you just have to read a boring report or prepare a presentation on a topic you hate. One strategy to complete such tasks is to set specific goals and to reward yourself when you achieve them. Self-goal setting is related to the famous goal-setting theory of Locke and Latham. An overview of 35 years on goal-setting research shows that setting challenging and specific goals increases performance.[3] Furthermore, rewarding yourself – for instance with a vacation or even a good cup of coffee – can stimulate desired behavior.[4]

2. Natural rewards.

Although self-leadership scholars recognize that external rewards can be beneficial, they emphasize that natural, intrinsic, rewards are often more effective. Some children are naturally interested in learning. You shouldn’t reward them for making their homework; this might even decrease their motivation. Self-leadership emphasizes that people should search for activities which they naturally enjoy. It goes beyond mere self-management by challenging people to be reflective about the work they do and the goals they have. What do you enjoy most? How can you adjust your job by giving joyful activities a greater share of the your workday?

3. Constructive thought patterns.

This last self-leadership strategy is also about being reflective. It focuses on your thought patterns. Are you negative about your own performance potential? A constructive thought pattern reflects on this, replacing negative thoughts by positive self-talk. This includes envisioning yourself successfully performing a challenging task (mental imaginary). In an overview article it was found that mental imaginary positively influences performance.[4] When you for instance have to present for a difficult audience, you should imagine how you give a fantastic speech, how the audience will react and how you will feel afterwards.

How good are you in leading yourself?

In sum, self-leadership theory can provide you with hints on how to increase your productivity. Possibly even more important, it could help you to reflect on your own work and life goals.

-----

Want to test your self-leadership skills directly (2 minute test, free of charge), see http://larstummers.com/self-leadership-good-leading/
This Blog for ‘lerende leiders’ is also published on Frontiers

References
[1] Stewart, G. L., Courtright, S. H., & Manz, C. C. (2011). Self-leadership: A multilevel review. Journal of Management, 37(1), 185-222.
[2] Manz, C. C. (1986). Self-leadership: Toward an expanded theory of self-influence processes in organizations. Academy of Management Review,11(3), 585-600.
[3] Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (2002). Building a practically useful theory of goal setting and task motivation: A 35-year Odyssey. American Psychologist,57(9), 705.
[4] Driskell, J. E., Copper, C., & Moran, A. (1994). Does mental practice enhance performance? Journal of Applied Psychology, 79(4), 481.
[5] Houghton, J. D., & Neck, C. P. (2002). The revised self-leadership questionnaire: Testing a hierarchical factor structure for self-leadership. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 17(8), 672-691.


Lars Tummers

Auteur: Lars Tummers

1 32 2
Dr. Lars Tummers is universitair docent op de Eramus Universiteit Rotterdam en Visiting Scholar aan de University of California, Berkeley (V.S.). In zijn onderzoek richt hij zich op leiderschap, innovatie en het invoeren van beleid. Hij promoveerde 'cum laude' op een proefschrift over de problemen van professionals met nieuw beleid (beleidsvervreemding). In 2013 ontving hij de Onderzoeksprijs van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. www.larstummers.com ...
Frans Wilms
Ten minste 35 gemeenten veilen de thuiszorg via een internetveiling. Zij zetten de zorg te koop op een soort marktplaats, waar zorgorganisaties op kunnen
Gerard Jans
De wereld wordt steeds sneller en we zijn virtueel dichterbij elkaar dan ooit. Onder invloed van elkaar, en zeker ook onder invloed van laagconjunctuur,
Frans Wilms
Hoe krijg je ergens beweging in? Vraagt dat om doorwrochte robuuste masterplannen die je uitrolt? Of is toch iets anders nodig? Ik moest hier aandenken
Joop Boukes
Zelforganisatie en clientoriënterend werken zijn populaire alternatieven voor de starre wereld van sturing, hiërarchie, protocollen, externe eisen en
Frans Wilms
Hoe ga je om met kritiek? Ben je een kei om die direct te weerleggen of sta je er voor open? De manier waarop je reageert, doet er toe. Als leidinggevende
Frans Wilms
Hoe ga je om met kritiek? Ben je een kei om die direct te weerleggen of sta je er voor open? De manier waarop je reageert, doet er toe. Als leidinggevende
Frans Wilms
De missie van je organisatie ken je waarschijnlijk uit je hoofd. Maar, ken je die van jezelf ook? Hoe ziet jouw eigen missie eruit? Vanaf het moment dat
Pia Rauhala
Het zijn drukke tijden voor de zomervakantie. Halfjaarrapportages en projectevaluaties moeten af. Talloze borrels, afscheidsfeesten en zomerfeesten. Voor
Andy Joghi
Netwerken daar moet je het van hebben als ondernemer en professional. Dus je zet je beste beentje voor zoals het spreekwoord luidt en je gaat netwerken.
Richard van der Lee
‘De juiste tijd kiezen is tijd besparen’ Het lijkt wel of dit citaat van de bekende Engelse filosoof en staatsman Francis Bacon (1561-1626) na meer

Wat vindt jij? deel het met ons!

DonateFacebookG+TwitterRSSLinkedInPaper.li