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Drie. Twee. Een. GO! Self-leadership: How good are you in leading yourself? Geschreven door Lars Tummers. When most people think of leaders, they think of famous people like Martin Luther King, John F. Kennedy, or (when talking about toxic leaders), Adolf Hitler. But why not think about ourselves in term of a leader? Academics and professionals interested in ‘self-leadership’ chose this path. Self-leadership literature can provide important lessons for professionals. Self-leadership has been shown to result in greater career success, more job satisfaction and less stress.[1] Read this blog to analyze your own self-leadership skills. The three self-leadership strategies The founding father of self-leadership, Charles Manz, defines self-leadership as “leading oneself toward performance of naturally motivating tasks as well as managing oneself to do work that must be done but is not naturally motivating” (p. 589)[2]. Building upon Manz, many researchers on self-leadership distinguish between three self-leadership strategies: behavior-focused, natural rewards and constructive thought patterns.[1] 1. Behavior-focused strategies. These strategies look at how you can complete unpleasant, but necessary, tasks. Sometimes, you just have to read a boring report or prepare a presentation on a topic you hate. One strategy to complete such tasks is to set specific goals and to reward yourself when you achieve them. Self-goal setting is related to the famous goal-setting theory of Locke and Latham. An overview of 35 years on goal-setting research shows that setting challenging and specific goals increases performance.[3] Furthermore, rewarding yourself – for instance with a vacation or even a good cup of coffee – can stimulate desired behavior.[4] 2. Natural rewards. Although self-leadership scholars recognize that external rewards can be beneficial, they emphasize that natural, intrinsic, rewards are often more effective. Some children are naturally interested in learning. You shouldn’t reward them for making their homework; this might even decrease their motivation. Self-leadership emphasizes that people should search for activities which they naturally enjoy. It goes beyond mere self-management by challenging people to be reflective about the work they do and the goals they have. What do you enjoy most? How can you adjust your job by giving joyful activities a greater share of the your workday? 3. Constructive thought patterns. This last self-leadership strategy is also about being reflective. It focuses on your thought patterns. Are you negative about your own performance potential? A constructive thought pattern reflects on this, replacing negative thoughts by positive self-talk. This includes envisioning yourself successfully performing a challenging task (mental imaginary). In an overview article it was found that mental imaginary positively influences performance.[4] When you for instance have to present for a difficult audience, you should imagine how you give a fantastic speech, how the audience will react and how you will feel afterwards. How good are you in leading yourself? In sum, self-leadership theory can provide you with hints on how to increase your productivity. Possibly even more important, it could help you to reflect on your own work and life goals. ----- Want to test your self-leadership skills directly (2 minute test, free of charge), see http://larstummers.com/self-leadership-good-leading/This Blog for ‘lerende leiders’ is also published on Frontiers References[1] Stewart, G. L., Courtright, S. H., & Manz, C. C. (2011). Self-leadership: A multilevel review. Journal of Management, 37(1), 185-222.[2] Manz, C. C. (1986). Self-leadership: Toward an expanded theory of self-influence processes in organizations. Academy of Management Review,11(3), 585-600.[3] Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (2002). Building a practically useful theory of goal setting and task motivation: A 35-year Odyssey. American Psychologist,57(9), 705.[4] Driskell, J. E., Copper, C., & Moran, A. (1994). Does mental practice enhance performance? Journal of Applied Psychology, 79(4), 481.[5] Houghton, J. D., & Neck, C. P. (2002). The revised self-leadership questionnaire: Testing a hierarchical factor structure for self-leadership. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 17(8), 672-691. .Discusieer mee over dit blog of deel het op social media

Self-leadership: How good are you in leading yourself?

Geschreven door Lars Tummers. Geplaatst op 23 februari 2014.
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leadingyourself

When most people think of leaders, they think of famous people like Martin Luther King, John F. Kennedy, or (when talking about toxic leaders), Adolf Hitler. But why not think about ourselves in term of a leader? Academics and professionals interested in ‘self-leadership’ chose this path. Self-leadership literature can provide important lessons for professionals. Self-leadership has been shown to result in greater career success, more job satisfaction and less stress.[1] Read this blog to analyze your own self-leadership skills.

The three self-leadership strategies

The founding father of self-leadership, Charles Manz, defines self-leadership as “leading oneself toward performance of naturally motivating tasks as well as managing oneself to do work that must be done but is not naturally motivating” (p. 589)[2]. Building upon Manz, many researchers on self-leadership distinguish between three self-leadership strategies: behavior-focused, natural rewards and constructive thought patterns.[1]

1. Behavior-focused strategies.

These strategies look at how you can complete unpleasant, but necessary, tasks. Sometimes, you just have to read a boring report or prepare a presentation on a topic you hate. One strategy to complete such tasks is to set specific goals and to reward yourself when you achieve them. Self-goal setting is related to the famous goal-setting theory of Locke and Latham. An overview of 35 years on goal-setting research shows that setting challenging and specific goals increases performance.[3] Furthermore, rewarding yourself – for instance with a vacation or even a good cup of coffee – can stimulate desired behavior.[4]

2. Natural rewards.

Although self-leadership scholars recognize that external rewards can be beneficial, they emphasize that natural, intrinsic, rewards are often more effective. Some children are naturally interested in learning. You shouldn’t reward them for making their homework; this might even decrease their motivation. Self-leadership emphasizes that people should search for activities which they naturally enjoy. It goes beyond mere self-management by challenging people to be reflective about the work they do and the goals they have. What do you enjoy most? How can you adjust your job by giving joyful activities a greater share of the your workday?

3. Constructive thought patterns.

This last self-leadership strategy is also about being reflective. It focuses on your thought patterns. Are you negative about your own performance potential? A constructive thought pattern reflects on this, replacing negative thoughts by positive self-talk. This includes envisioning yourself successfully performing a challenging task (mental imaginary). In an overview article it was found that mental imaginary positively influences performance.[4] When you for instance have to present for a difficult audience, you should imagine how you give a fantastic speech, how the audience will react and how you will feel afterwards.

How good are you in leading yourself?

In sum, self-leadership theory can provide you with hints on how to increase your productivity. Possibly even more important, it could help you to reflect on your own work and life goals.

-----

Want to test your self-leadership skills directly (2 minute test, free of charge), see http://larstummers.com/self-leadership-good-leading/
This Blog for ‘lerende leiders’ is also published on Frontiers

References
[1] Stewart, G. L., Courtright, S. H., & Manz, C. C. (2011). Self-leadership: A multilevel review. Journal of Management, 37(1), 185-222.
[2] Manz, C. C. (1986). Self-leadership: Toward an expanded theory of self-influence processes in organizations. Academy of Management Review,11(3), 585-600.
[3] Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (2002). Building a practically useful theory of goal setting and task motivation: A 35-year Odyssey. American Psychologist,57(9), 705.
[4] Driskell, J. E., Copper, C., & Moran, A. (1994). Does mental practice enhance performance? Journal of Applied Psychology, 79(4), 481.
[5] Houghton, J. D., & Neck, C. P. (2002). The revised self-leadership questionnaire: Testing a hierarchical factor structure for self-leadership. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 17(8), 672-691.

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Lars Tummers

Auteur: Lars Tummers

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leona_*_ > Self-leadership: How good are you in leading yourself? | leiderschap
“Ik heb Lerende Leiders ’ontmoet' door mijn oproep op Twitter. Ik was op zoek naar een platform om te schrijven over thema’s als leiderschap, bevlogenheid,
why-whonot_*_ > Self-leadership: How good are you in leading yourself? | leiderschap
Hebben we de vorige keer de samenwerking tussen overheid en inwoners aangevlogen vanuit het ambtelijk en politieke perspectief, dit keer doen we dat vanuit
listentothewind_*_ > Self-leadership: How good are you in leading yourself? | leiderschap > Self-leadership: How good are you in leading yourself? | leiderschap
Ik zie veel mensen die moeite hebben met hoe onze maatschappij is ingericht. Mensen die graag goed willen doen, maar door de regels van onze systemen worden
listentothewind_*_
Ik zie veel mensen die moeite hebben met hoe onze maatschappij is ingericht. Mensen die graag goed willen doen, maar door de regels van onze systemen worden
Pian_di_Venola_-_andere_invalshoeken_*_
De 16-jarige puber – ik begreep uit een boek, dat ik hem beter adolescent kan noemen – die ik af en toe tref in onze gezamenlijke woonomgeving, confronteer
presentievalkuilen_*_ > Self-leadership: How good are you in leading yourself? | leiderschap
Presentie gaat over de vraag hoe je aanwezig bent te midden van anderen. Ben je écht in interactie met de ander? Zie je de mensen om je heen als mens?
schaakstukken_*_ > Self-leadership: How good are you in leading yourself? | leiderschap
De kans dat ik uit presentie raak is groot, wanneer ik tijdnood voel of op momenten dat ik denk dat ik per se iets moet inbrengen. Helemaal tricky is
aansluitingverliezen_*_ > Self-leadership: How good are you in leading yourself? | leiderschap
Soms zit ik niet meer op dezelfde golflengte als de ander. Dan ben ik zó in mijn eigen gedachtewereld, dat ik onvoldoende rekening houd met hem en dreig

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